World human population exceeds eight billion – Baltic News Network
According to information from the United Nations, the number of humans on the planet reached eight billion, and this happened just 11 years after the seven billionth milestone, BBC informed.
After the wage baby boom in the mid-twentieth century, human population growth on the planet began to slow. It may take about 15 years for the population to reach nine billion. UN experts believe that the planet could see a population of ten billion at the earliest in 2080. It is difficult to determine the exact number of people, and the UN admits that their proposed number could be one or two years old. delay compared to the actual situation. It is believed that November 15 may have been the exact moment when the eight million milestone was reached.
In previous years, the UN has strived to find landmark children – the five billionth, six billionth and seven millionth inhabitants of the Earth. What do their stories tell us about demographic changes in the world?
Minutes after his birth in July 1987, Matej Gaspar’s eyes were startled by the light and the talk of the medical staff around him and his exhausted mother. Britain’s UN representative Alex Marshall at the time was stuck in the back of a motorcade outside and feels somewhat guilty for the momentary chaos he caused at Zagreb’s tiny maternity hospital. “We basically looked at the projections and came up with this idea that the world population would exceed five billion in 1987,” he said, adding that July 11 was the most likely date. He and his colleagues then set out to find the five billionth person on Earth. This surprised the UN demographers: “They told us ignorant people that we didn’t know what we were doing. And we really shouldn’t pick one individual out of so many.”
But the condemnatory attitude of demographers did not discourage him.
“It was about putting a face to the numbers. We found out where the general secretary was going to be that day and it went from there,” Marshall said.
35 years later, the five billionth resident tries to forget the ceremony. According to his Facebook page, he lives in Zagreb, is married and works as a chemical engineer. He avoids interviews and refused to speak to the BBC. “Well, I don’t blame him,” Marshall said, recalling Matej’s first-day media circus.
Three billion more people have been born since 1987. For the next 35 years, experts predict two billion more people. After that, experts believe the population will stabilize and growth will stop.
On the outskirts of Dhaka in Bangladesh, Sadia Sultana Oishee helps her mother peel potatoes for supper. She would prefer to play football outside, but her parents are strict and maintain discipline. The family moved there after their fabric and saree business was hit by the pandemic. Life in the village is less expensive and the parents can pay for the schooling of their three daughters.
Oishee is the youngest of the three. Born in 2011, she became one of the babies considered the seventh billionth human on Earth.
Her mother had no idea, however, and she had no plans to give birth that day. After her examination, she was sent to the maternity ward for a caesarean section. Oishee was born one minute after midnight, in the presence of television operators and local officials. The family felt shocked and blessed at the same time. Although the father was expecting a son, he is now happy with three smart and hardworking daughters.
Since Oishee’s birth, the population of Bangladesh has grown by 17 million people.
Population growth is linked to advances in medicine. At the same time, the rate at which the human population is growing is gradually slowing down. In the 1980s, every woman in Bangladesh had more than six children. Now the average is less than two. This is because the state now places more emphasis on education, as educated women have fewer children. This trend is important for understanding where the demographic indices are going.
Falling birth rates also play a major role – there are countries where families have fewer children than are needed to support the population.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the countries with the fastest declining population. Adnan Mevic, 23, thinks about it a lot. “There will be no one left to pay pensions for retirees,” he said. “All the young people will be gone.” The man has a master’s degree in economics and is currently looking for a job. If he cannot find work in his country of origin, he will leave to seek work in the EU. Like other Eastern European countries, Bosnia and Herzegovina has been hit by a double blow: low birth rate and high emigration.
Adnan Mevic lives with his mother, Fatima, not far from Sarajevo. She has surreal memories of her birth: “I realized something was unusual because doctors and nurses were gathering but I couldn’t tell what was going on. Then UN Secretary General Kofi Annan arrived to baptize the boy and officially declare him the seven millionth person on Earth. While other children threw parties for their birthdays, Adnan had politicians visiting him, he recalls. Adnan said the population growth seen over the past 23 years is impressive: “It’s really a lot. I don’t know how our beautiful planet will fare.